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European Large Herbivores


European Large Herbivores

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UpdatedDecember 31, 2012
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CategoryBooks & Reference


Large Herbivores of Europe
This free e-guide on the large herbivores of Europe contains information on 23 species of European herbivores. It provides an identification key, descriptions and colour pictures of each species.

The e-guide excludes domesticated species as well as semi-wild populations and domesticated animals that have returned to the wild. However, domesticated animals are more common than wild mammals. Users should bear this in mind when tracking an ungulate for instance; there are far more sheep and goats than Alpine Chamois or even Roe Deer.

This app contains:

– Information on 23 species of European herbivores
– An interactive key for identifying species
– An alphabetical list of species with a search function
– Species names in English, Dutch, French, German and 21 other European languages

Large Herbivore Network
This app is developed in cooperation with the Large Herbivore Network (LHNet), a network organization within the ECNC-European Centre for Nature Conservation ( ECNC is an independent European foundation dedicated to a beautiful Europe based on a rich biodiversity, healthy ecosystems and sustainable development. It promotes an integrated approach for both land and sea and actively stimulates the interaction between science, society and policy. More information about large herbivores and the network can be found on the LHNet website


Initiative: ECNC
Implementation: ETI BioInformatics
Compilation: Hanneke Wijnja (ECNC)
Editing: Tekla Boersma and Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten (ETI)
Programming: Dennis Seijts, Stefano Martellos and Edwin van Spronsen (ETI)

Photography: We would like to express our gratitude to the following photographers for their kind cooperation: Casey Armstrong, Lkhagvasuren Badamjav, Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar, Joe Clarke, Jay Cross, José Maria Escolano, Alkiviadis Geskos, A. Ghoddousi, Gerard Gorman, Lars Holst Hansen, George Hatcher, Jörg Hempel, Ursula Höpping, Hartmut Jungius, Manon Kaandorp, Miha Krofel, Mirte Kruit, David Mallon, METL/MEDDE (Arnaud Bouissou, Daniel Coutelier and Laurent Mignaux), Bryant Olsen, Alvaro Oporto, Michael Oppermann, Torsten Pröhl, Alastair Rae, Saxifraga (Jan Boersema, Luc Hoogenstein, Willem van Kruijsbergen, Jan Nijendijk, Jan van der Straaten and Piet Munsterman), Christopher R. Scharf, Jerzy Strzelecki, Ito Takehiko, Stefke Teunisse, Sergey Trepet – Kavkazsky Biosphere Reserve, Aija Vesterinen, Chris Waltzer, Russ Wilcox, Yuri Yarovenko – Daghestan Scientific Centre, Karol Zub.

Distribution maps: Patrick Haffner © Delachaux & Niestlé, Mammals of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, 2008,

This app is produced with support from the European Commission LIFE+ programme.

ETI BioInformatics was founded in 1990 by the Dutch government and UNESCO to facilitate easy access to information on taxonomy and biodiversity. See
The nature apps concept was developed in the KeyToNature Project (EC e-ContentPlus programme) aiming to provide easy access to flora and fauna information.

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